Ionizing radiation of mesenchymal stem cells results in diminution of the precursor pool and limits potential for multilineage differentiation
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Although the majority of mesenchymal stem cells survive injury from ionizing radiation, this injury results in a significant decrease in cellular proliferation. Furthermore, the differentiation potential of irradiated mesenchymal stem cells in response to environmental stimuli is markedly diminished. Thus, the negative effects of ionizing radiation may result from a decreased pool of progenitor cells with limited differentiation potential. Proposed radioprotection strategies aiming to reduce tissue injury should therefore evaluate not only cellular survival but also cellular function.