Class 1A PI3K regulates vessel integrity during development and tumorigenesis
PI3K is important in the regulation of growth, proliferation, and survival of tumor cells. We show that class 1A PI3K is also critical in the tumor microenvironment by regulating the integrity of the tumor vasculature. Using Tie2Cre-mediated deletion of the PI3K regulatory subunits (p85alpha, p55alpha, p50alpha, and p85beta), we generated mice with endothelial cell-specific loss of class 1A PI3K. Complete loss of all subunits caused acute embryonic lethality at E11.5 due to hemorrhaging, whereas retention of a single p85alpha allele yielded viable mice that survived to adulthood. These heterozygous mice exhibited no vascular defects until challenged with a pathological insult, such as tumor cells or high levels of VEGF. Under these pathological conditions, heterozygous mice exhibited localized vascular abnormalities, including vessel leakage and the inability to maintain large vessels, which caused a deceleration of tumorigenesis. Furthermore, we show that a PI3K inhibitor can mimic the effects of class 1A PI3K loss, which suggests that targeting class 1A PI3K may be a promising therapy for blocking tumor angiogenesis.