Detection of zinc ions by differential circularly polarized fluorescence excitation
A new chiroptical spectroscopic approach, differential circularly polarized fluorescence excitation (CPE), can be used to provide a selective method for detecting the presence of zinc ions. The approach utilizes the same instrumentation as fluorescence-detected circular dichroism and provides strong contrast in metal detection due to response to both chelation-enhanced fluorescence and circular dichroism upon metal ion binding. The observed contrast is therefore better than either of the parent spectroscopic detection methods. CPE also provides a strategy to reduce interference from background such as protein-based tryptophan fluorescence.