High temporal and spatial resolution 4D MRA using spiral data sampling and sliding window reconstruction
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
Magnetic Resonance Angiography
Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) requires high spatial resolution to demonstrate detailed vasculature and high temporal resolution to capture the contrast bolus. Sparse bright voxels in MRA permit substantial undersampling in MRI data acquisition, allowing simultaneous high temporal and spatial resolution. We developed a time-resolved 3D MRA technique using the efficient spiral sampling trajectory, and performed off-resonance corrections using inhomogeneity field maps. View sharing and sliding window reconstruction were utilized to generate high temporal resolution. High-resolution 3D angiograms were generated at 1-2 s per frame, with a 5-8 ml gadolinium dose, in patients with vascular disease.