Pathogenic role of antiphospholipid antibodies
The antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS) is characterized by recurrent arterial and venous thrombosis and/or pregnancy in association with antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies. The pathogenic mechanisms in APS that lead to in vivo injury are incompletely understood. Recent evidence suggests that APL antibodies alter regulation of haemostasis and induce activation of complement. We will discuss the current knowledge on how aPL antibodies trigger increased inflammation and enhanced thrombotic tendency, and thereby lead to tissue damage.