Activating Fc receptors are required for antitumor efficacy of the antibodies directed toward CD25 in a murine model of adult T-cell leukemia
Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
We previously showed therapeutic efficacy of humanized anti-Tac (HAT), murine anti-Tac (MAT), and 7G7/B6 monoclonal antibodies, which recognize CD25, for human adult T-cell leukemia (ATL) in a murine model. In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying the tumor-killing action mediated by these antibodies on an ATL model in nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficient (SCID/NOD) wild-type mice that lack effective T and natural killer (NK) cells and in SCID/NOD Fc receptor common gamma chain knockout (FcRgamma-/-) mice. The ATL model was established by i.p. injection of human ATL cells (MET-1) into SCID/NOD wild-type or SCID/NOD FcRgamma-/- mice. HAT, MAT, and 7G7/B6 were given to the leukemia-bearing mice at a dose of 100 microg weekly for 4 weeks. The three antibodies inhibited the leukemia growth significantly in SCID/NOD wild-type mice, as monitored by serum levels of human beta2-microglobulin (P < 0.01), and prolonged survival of the leukemia-bearing SCID/NOD wild-type mice (P < 0.01) as compared with the control group. However, none of the antibodies manifested efficacy on the leukemia growth and survival of the SCID/NOD FcRgamma-/- mice bearing MET-1 leukemia. In a pharmacokinetics study, the blood concentrations of the radiolabeled antibodies decreased with time similarly in SCID/NOD wild-type and SCID/NOD FcRgamma-/- mice. Although NK cells may play a role in humans, in this murine model FcRgamma receptors on non-NK cells, such as polymorphonuclear leukocytes or monocytes, are required for the tumor-killing action of the antibodies directed toward CD25.