Apaf-1 is an essential component of the apoptosome, the molecular complex assembled in response to mitochondrial cytochrome c release that promotes caspase activation. Apaf-1 expression is suppressed in some malignant tumors, in particular melanoma as well as cervical and colorectal carcinoma, in which the loss of Apaf-1 expression marks tumor progression and poor prognosis. Recent results from our laboratory demonstrate that Apaf-1 has an apoptosis-unrelated function that may well account for its role as a tumor suppressor. The knockout of apaf-1 (in mice), the knockdown of Apaf-1 (in human cells) and loss of function mutations of ced-4 (the Caenorhabditis elegans ortholog of Apaf-1) compromise the arrest of DNA synthesis in response to DNA damage, in a context in which apoptosis does not occur. Here, we show that the depletion of Apaf-1 also sensitizes cells to chromosomal instability induced by different types of DNA damage such as cisplatin, UVC light and gamma-irradiation. These results unravel a hitherto unsuspected role for Apaf-1 in the maintenance of genomic stability, independently from its function in the cell death machinery.