Longitudinal Risk of Upper Tract Recurrence Following Radical Cystectomy for Urothelial Cancer and the Potential Implications for Long-Term Surveillance
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
Neoplasms, Second Primary
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
The incidence for upper tract recurrence was 4% at 3 years and 7% at 5 years. However, the 3-year risk of upper tract recurrence remained around 4% to 6% at any point measured up to 4 years after radical cystectomy and, therefore, did not change over time. This indicates the critical importance of long-term vigilance for upper tract recurrence following radical cystectomy.