Understanding the Pathogenesis and Management of Hepatitis B/HIV and Hepatitis B/Hepatitis C Virus Coinfection
Hepatitis B virus
Hepatitis B, Chronic
Hepatitis C, Chronic
The approach to the hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patient who is also infected with HIV or hepatitis C virus (HCV) is very different from the approach to the patient with only one virus infection. HBV/HIV coinfection is common. Agents that have dual activity against HBV and HIV should be considered as treatment of choice in combination regimens in HBV/HIV-coinfected patients beginning antiretroviral therapy. In HBV/HCV coinfection HCV usually tends to predominate over HBV. More investigation is needed into the mechanisms by which viral pathogenesis is altered and the optimal treatment modalities for coinfected patients.