Tyrosine hydroxylase, the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine biosynthesis: Discovery of common human genetic variants governing transcription, autonomic activity, and blood pressure in vivo
Autonomic Nervous System
We conclude that human catecholamine secretory traits are heritable, displaying joint genetic determination (pleiotropy) with autonomic activity and finally with blood pressure in the population. Catecholamine secretion is influenced by genetic variation in the adrenergic pathway encoding catecholamine synthesis, especially at the classically rate-limiting step, TH. The results suggest novel pathophysiological links between a key adrenergic locus, catecholamine metabolism, and blood pressure and suggest new strategies to approach the mechanism, diagnosis, and treatment of systemic hypertension.