Reliability of cytologic diagnosis of early lung cancer
Preoperative diagnosis of lung cancer detected by screening with HRCT could be reliably made by FNA. Difficulty in classification occurs in carcinomas of high nuclear grade with prominent nucleoli, including poorly differentiated SQCC and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma. These are best diagnosed as NSCC on cytomorphology with further subclassification based on immunohistochemistry, which these authors generally perform on cell-block material. A diagnosis of ABP on FNA may be indicative of noninvasive BAC or an invasive adenocarcinoma with prominent BAC features, usually sampled at its periphery.