Neural and behavioral correlates of expectancy violations in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Child Behavior Disorders
These findings are consistent with the view that disruptive behaviors in inappropriate contexts, a major criterion in diagnosing ADHD, may be related to an impaired ability to predict temporal and contextual cues in the environment, thus hindering the ability to alter behavior when they change. This ability requires intact fronto-cerebellar, as well as fronto-striatal circuitry.