Internalized antibodies to the Aβ domain of APP reduce neuronal Aβ and protect against synaptic alterations Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Neurons
  • Synapses

abstract

  • Immunotherapy against beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is a leading therapeutic direction for Alzheimer disease (AD). Experimental studies in transgenic mouse models of AD have demonstrated that Abeta immunization reduces Abeta plaque pathology and improves cognitive function. However, the biological mechanisms by which Abeta antibodies reduce amyloid accumulation in the brain remain unclear. We provide evidence that treatment of AD mutant neuroblastoma cells or primary neurons with Abeta antibodies decreases levels of intracellular Abeta. Antibody-mediated reduction in cellular Abeta appears to require that the antibody binds to the extracellular Abeta domain of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) and be internalized. In addition, treatment with Abeta antibodies protects against synaptic alterations that occur in APP mutant neurons.

publication date

  • June 29, 2007

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.M700373200

PubMed ID

  • 17468102

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 18895

end page

  • 906

volume

  • 282

number

  • 26