Frequent occult infection with cytomegalovirus in cardiac transplant recipients despite antiviral prophylaxis Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Antiviral Agents
  • Cytomegalovirus
  • Ganciclovir
  • Heart Transplantation
  • Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
  • Immunologic Factors
  • Viremia

abstract

  • Despite antiviral prophylaxis, a high percentage (over 90%) of heart transplant patients experience active cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, diagnosed by detection of viral DNA in peripheral blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes within the first few months posttransplantation. Viral DNA was detected in mononuclear cells prior to detection in granulocytes from CMV-seropositive recipients (R+) receiving a heart from a CMV-seropositive donor (D+). Based on assessment of systemic infection in leukocyte populations, both R+ subgroups (R+/D- and R+/D+) experienced a greater infection burden than the R-/D+ subgroup, which was aggressively treated because of a higher risk of acute CMV disease. Despite widespread systemic infection in all at-risk patient subgroups, CMV DNA was rarely (< 3% of patients) detected in transplanted heart biopsy specimens. The R+ patients more frequently exceeded the 75th percentile of the CMV DNA copy number distribution in leukocytes (110 copies/10(5) polymorphonuclear leukocytes) than the R-/D+ subgroup. Therefore, active systemic CMV infection involving leukocytes is common in heart transplant recipients receiving prophylaxis to reduce acute disease. Infection of the transplanted organ is rare, suggesting that chronic vascular disease attributed to CMV may be driven by the consequences of systemic infection.

publication date

  • June 2007

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC1933112

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/JCM.01362-06

PubMed ID

  • 17409205

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1804

end page

  • 10

volume

  • 45

number

  • 6