PTK787/ZK 222584, a small molecule tyrosine kinase receptor inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), has modest activity in myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Angiogenesis is part of the pathophysiology of myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM). PTK787/ZK 222584 (PTK/ZK) is a novel inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors. Twenty-nine patients with MMM received a continuous dosing schedule of PTK/ZK doses of 500 or 750 mg twice daily (BID). Transient potentially PTK/ZK related mild nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fatigue, thrombocytopenia, or anorexia occurred in 15% of patients. Dose limiting toxicities of dyspepsia, proteinurea, and/or mucositis were observed in patients treated with 750 mg BID. One (3%) and five (17%) patients achieved complete remission and clinical improvement, respectively. PTK/ZK has modest activity in patients with MMM.