Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Stage II Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Management options for patients who have stage II nonseminomatous germ cell cancer, completely resected at retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND), include two cycles of adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy or close surveillance, with chemotherapy reserved for patients who relapse. Both options are associated with cure in an equally high percentage of patients. The choice of options is influenced by the extent of the tumor resected and patient compliance. Surveillance is a strong consideration for patients who have low-volume nodal disease at RPLND because the relapse proportion is 30% or less. In contrast, patients who have high-volume nodal involvement at RPLND have a relapse rate of 50% to 90% with surveillance alone, and adjuvant chemotherapy is the preferable option in this group.