Role of an acidic cluster/dileucine motif in cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor traffic
Amino Acids, Acidic
Receptor, IGF Type 2
The endocytic trafficking of the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CI-MPR) involves multiple sorting steps. A cluster of acidic amino acids followed by a dileucine motif in the cytoplasmic tail has been proposed to mediate receptor sorting from the trans Golgi network (TGN) to late endosomes. Mutations in this motif impair lysosomal enzyme sorting by preventing association of CI-MPR with coat proteins. The role of the acidic cluster/dileucine motif in the post-endocytic transport of the receptor was examined using the CI-MPR mutants, AC01 and D160E (Chen HJ, Yuan J, Lobel P. J Biol Chem 1997;272:7003-7012). Following internalization, wild type (WT) CI-MPR is transported through sorting endosomes into the endocytic recycling compartment (ERC), after which it traffics to the TGN and other organelles. However, the mutants localize mostly to the ERC and only a small portion reaches the TGN, suggesting that the sorting of the CI-MPR mutants from the ERC into the TGN is severely impaired. We observed no defect in receptor internalization or in the rate of tail mutant recycling to the cell surface compared to the WT. These results demonstrate that the acidic cluster/dileucine motif of CI-MPR is critical for receptor sorting at early stages of intracellular transport following endocytosis.