DNA cleavage and Trp53 differentially affect SINE transcription Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • DNA Cleavage
  • Short Interspersed Nucleotide Elements
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53


  • Among the cellular responses observed following treatment with DNA-damaging agents is the activation of Short Interspersed Elements (SINEs; retrotransposable genetic elements that comprise over 10% of the human genome). By placing a human SINE (the Alu element) into murine cells, we have previously shown that DNA-damaging agents such as etoposide can induce both upregulation of SINE transcript levels and SINE retrotransposition. A similarly cytotoxic (but not genotoxic) exposure to vincristine was not associated with SINE activation. Here we demonstrate that multiple other genotoxic exposures are associated with upregulation of SINE transcript levels. By comparing the effects of similarly cytotoxic doses of the topoisomerase II inhibitors etoposide and merbarone, we confirm that DNA strand breakage is specifically associated with SINE induction. By evaluating transcription rate and RNA stability, we demonstrate that SINE induction by genotoxic exposure is associated with transcriptional induction and not with transcript stabilization. Finally we demonstrate that SINE induction by genotoxic stress is mediated by a Trp53-independent pathway, and in fact that Trp53 plays an inhibitory role in attenuating the transcriptional induction of SINE elements following exposure to a genotoxic agent. Together these data support a model in which initial DNA damage can trigger genomic instability due to SINE activation, a response which may be amplified in cancer cells lacking functional TP53.

publication date

  • March 2007



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC3715058

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/gcc.20406

PubMed ID

  • 17171681

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 248

end page

  • 60


  • 46


  • 3