Novel targets in solid tumors: MEK inhibitors
MAP Kinase Kinase Kinases
MAP Kinase Signaling System
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
MAPK/ERK kinase (MEK) inhibitors constitute a promising class of novel targeted therapies. Although some of the initial clinical results with these compounds were disappointing, newer agents with more advantageous pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties have entered clinical trials. Partial responses have been seen in patients with advanced melanoma and pancreatic cancer, along with prolonged stable disease in several tumor types. Rash, diarrhea, edema, and visual disturbances have been common toxicities. With the recent finding that cell lines with B-raf mutations are exquisitely sensitive to these compounds, the possibility of genetic-based patient selection and indiviualized therapy has been raised. Whether these predictions will be borne out in clinical testing remains to be seen.