Bladder cancer clinical practice guidelines in oncology Review uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Medical Oncology
  • Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms


  • Urothelial tumors represent a spectrum of diseases with a range of prognoses. After a tumor is diagnosed anywhere within the urothelial tract, the patient remains at risk for developing a new lesion at a different or the same location and at a similar or more advanced stage. Continued monitoring for recurrence is an essential part of management because most recurrences are superficial and can be treated endoscopically. Within each category of disease, more refined methods to determine prognosis and guide management, based on molecular staging, are under development with the goal of optimizing each patient's likelihood of cure and chance for organ preservation. For patients with more extensive disease, newer treatments typically involve combined modality approaches using recently developed surgical procedures, or 3-dimensional treatment planning for more precise delivery of radiation therapy. Although these are not appropriate in all cases, they offer the promise of an improved quality of life and prolonged survival. Finally, within the category of metastatic disease, several new agents have been identified that seem superior to those currently considered standard therapies. Experts believe, therefore, that the treatment of urothelial tumors will evolve rapidly over the next few years, with improved outcomes for patients at all stages of disease. © Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

publication date

  • November 2006



  • Review



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 17112448

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 984

end page

  • 1014


  • 4


  • 10