Sensitivity of the nucleus accumbens to violations in expectation of reward Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Nucleus Accumbens
  • Reward


  • This study examined whether ventral frontostriatal regions differentially code expected and unexpected reward outcomes. We parametrically manipulated the probability of reward and examined the neural response to reward and nonreward for each probability condition in the ventral striatum and the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC). By late trials of the experiment, subjects showed slower behavioral responses for the condition with the lowest probability of reward, relative to the condition with the highest probability of reward. At the neural level, both the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) and OFC showed greater activation to rewarded relative to nonrewarded trials, but the accumbens appeared to be most sensitive to violations in expected reward outcomes. These data suggest distinct roles for frontostriatal circuitry in reward prediction and in responding to violations in expectations.

publication date

  • January 2007



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC1796943

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.09.012

PubMed ID

  • 17049884

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 455

end page

  • 61


  • 34


  • 1