Predictors of responses to psychotherapy referral of WTC utility disaster workers Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Occupational Exposure
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Rescue Work
  • September 11 Terrorist Attacks
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic


  • This study examined male utility disaster workers' responses to referral for trauma-specific psychotherapy. Among 328 workers offered referral for symptoms related to the World Trade Center (WTC) attacks during psychological screening, approximately 48% chose to accept, 28% chose to consider only, and 24% chose to decline. Analyses examined predisposing factors, i.e., age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, previous mental health treatment, and previous disorder; as well as illness level; i.e., posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and general psychiatric distress; current treatment; and time of referral as predictors of referral response. PTSD (specifically reexperiencing and hyperarousal symptoms), depressive symptoms, and previous mental health treatment were positively associated with workers' accepting referral. Implications and limitations of these findings are discussed.

publication date

  • April 2006



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/jts.20113

PubMed ID

  • 16612826

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 307

end page

  • 12


  • 19


  • 2