Fasting insulin and obesity-related phenotypes are linked to chromosome 2p: The strong heart family study
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2
To localize quantitative trait loci for insulin metabolism and obesity, genome scans/linkage analyses were performed on >900 members of 32 extended families participating in phase 3 of the Strong Heart Study, an investigation of the genetic and environmental determinants of cardiovascular disease in American-Indian populations from Arizona, Oklahoma, and North and South Dakota. Linkage analyses of fasting insulin and two obesity-related phenotypes, BMI and percent fat mass, were performed independently in each of the three populations. For log fasting insulin, we found a genome-wide maximum, robust logarithm of odds (LOD) score of 3.42 at 51 cM on chromosome 2p in the Dakotas. Bivariate linkage analyses of log fasting insulin with both BMI and fat mass indicate a situation of incomplete pleiotropy, as well as several significant bivariate LOD scores in the Dakotas.