Predicting cognitive control from preschool to lateadolescence and young adulthood Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Cognition
  • Inhibition (Psychology)


  • In this longitudinal study, the proportion of time preschoolers directed their attention away from rewarding stimuli during a delay-of-gratification task was positively associated with efficiency (greater speed without reduced accuracy) at responding to targets in a go/no-go task more than 10 years later. The overall findings suggest that preschoolers' ability to effectively direct their attention away from tempting aspects of the rewards in a delay-of-gratification task may be a developmental precursor for the ability to perform inhibitory tasks such as the go/no-go task years later. Because performance on the go/no-go task has previously been characterized as involving activation of fronto-striatal regions, the present findings also suggest that performance in the delay-of-gratification task may serve as an early marker of individual differences in the functional integrity of this circuitry.

publication date

  • June 2006



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01732.x

PubMed ID

  • 16771797

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 478

end page

  • 84


  • 17


  • 6