Pediatric nerve agent poisoning: Medical and operational considerations for emergency medical services in a large American City Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Chemical Terrorism
  • Chemical Warfare Agents
  • Clinical Protocols
  • Emergency Medical Services
  • Pediatrics

abstract

  • Most published recommendations for treatment of pediatric nerve agent poisoning are based on standard resuscitation doses for these agents. However, certain medical and operational concerns suggest that an alternative approach may be warranted for treatment of children by emergency medical personnel after mass chemical events. (1) There is evidence both that suprapharmacological doses may be warranted and that side effects from antidote overdosage can be tolerated. (2) There is concern that many emergency medical personnel will have difficulty determining both the age of the child and the severity of the symptoms. Therefore, the Regional Emergency Medical Advisory Committee of New York City and the Fire Department, City of New York, Bureau of Emergency Medical Services, in collaboration with the Center for Pediatric Emergency Medicine of the New York University School of Medicine and the Bellevue Hospital Center, have developed a pediatric nerve agent antidote dosing schedule that addresses these considerations. These doses are comparable to those being administered to adults with severe symptoms and within limits deemed tolerable after inadvertent nerve agent overdose in children. We conclude that the above approach is likely a safe and effective alternative to weight-based dosing of children, which will be nearly impossible to attain under field conditions.

publication date

  • April 2006

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.pec.0000214594.78261.65

PubMed ID

  • 16651913

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 239

end page

  • 44

volume

  • 22

number

  • 4