The distinct temperament profiles of bipolar I, bipolar II and unipolar patients Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Depressive Disorder
  • Temperament


  • As contrasted to CG and published norms, the postmorbid self-described "usual" personality is 1) sanguine among many, but not all, BP-I; 2) labile or cyclothymic among BP-II; and 3) subanxious and subdepressive among UP. It is further noteworthy that with the exception of BP-II, the temperament scores of BP-I and MDD were within one SD from published norms. Rather than being pathological, these attributes are best conceived as subclinical temperamental variants of the normal, thereby supporting the notion of continuity between interepisodic and episodic phases of affective disorders. These findings overall are in line with Kraepelin's views and contrary to the DSM-IV formulation of axis-II constructs as being pathological and sharply demarcated from affective episodes.

publication date

  • May 2006



  • Academic Article



  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jad.2005.12.033

PubMed ID

  • 16635528

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 19

end page

  • 33


  • 92


  • 1