Inaccurate diagnosis information in patients with cancer: Quality and associated factors
Evoked Potentials, Auditory
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determinate the relationship between the accurate information related to the diagnosis and the information that the patients know about it. METHODS: Three questions were asked to the patients: a. What kind of disease do you have? b. Who told you the diagnosis?, and c. Where did they give you the information? We have analyzed the presence of associated factors to an inaccurate information in 150 patients with cancer attended for the first time in a medical oncology department referred from clinical and surgical departments. The quality of information has been defined as the relationship between the patients information about their diagnosis and the accurate information about it, being the incorrect and unspecific information the inaccurate information. RESULTS: There were 50.7% of men, with a range of 23 to 82 years old; 102 (68%) patients had an inaccurate information about their diagnosis. Logistic regression analysis showed that older patients (odds ratio = 1.07; p = 0.001; 95% Confidence Interval = 1.02-1.11) and patients with ovarian cancer (odds ratio = 7.08; p = 0.033; 95% Confidence Interval = 1.17-42.71) were more likely to have an inaccurate information. CONCLUSION: Then, the sociodemographic characteristics of the patients and the type of cancer affect the information given to the patients by the physicians. These results indicate that the patients referred to the medical oncology department have an incomplete information about their diagnosis.