Heart allograft protection with low-dose carbon monoxide inhalation: effects on inflammatory mediators and alloreactive T-cell responses. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cytokines
  • DNA
  • Male
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred BN
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • Time Factors
  • Transplantation, Homologous

MeSH Major

  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Graft Survival
  • Heart Transplantation
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • T-Lymphocytes

abstract

  • Carbon monoxide (CO), a byproduct of heme catalysis, has lately received considerable attention as a regulatory molecule in cellular and biological processes. CO has been shown to provide potent protection against a variety of tissue injuries. We hypothesized in this study that low concentration CO would be beneficial for organ allografts, which frequently undergo several types of injury such as ischemia/reperfusion, alloimmune reaction, and inflammation The efficacy of low-dose CO was examined in a fully allogeneic LEW to BN rat heterotopic heart transplantation (HHTx) model. Recipients were kept in air or exposed to low-dose CO (20 ppm) for 14, 28, or 100 days after HHTx under short-course tacrolimus CO treatment (d0-28, 0-100) was remarkably effective in prolonging heart allograft survival to a median of >100 from 45 days in the air-control group, with significant reductions of arteritis, fibrosis, and cellular infiltration, including macrophages and T cells. CO inhibited intragraft upregulation of Th1 type cytokines (IL-2, IFNgamma), proinflammatory mediators (IL-1beta, TNFalpha, IL-6, COX-2), and adhesion molecule. Shorter CO exposure in early (0-13d) and late (14-28d) posttransplant periods also prolonged graft survival, with a significant inhibition of inflammatory mediators These results show that low dose CO inhalation protects heart allografts and can considerably prolong their survival. CO appears to function via multiple mechanisms, including direct inhibition of Th1 type cytokine production and regulation of inflammatory responses.

publication date

  • January 27, 2006

has subject area

  • Administration, Inhalation
  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Carbon Monoxide
  • Cytokines
  • DNA
  • Graft Survival
  • Heart Transplantation
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Male
  • Myocardial Reperfusion Injury
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred BN
  • Rats, Inbred Lew
  • T-Lymphocytes
  • Time Factors
  • Transplantation, Homologous

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.tp.0000188637.80695.7f

PubMed ID

  • 16436966

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 220

end page

  • 230

volume

  • 81

number

  • 2