Chemical inhibitors of TNF signal transduction in human neutrophils point to distinct steps in cell activation Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Cell Movement
  • Heterocyclic Compounds
  • Neutrophils
  • Respiratory Burst
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha

abstract

  • Chemical screening identified three small compounds that selectively inhibited activation of the respiratory burst (RB) of human neutrophils in response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and formylated peptide but not phorbol ester and spared the ability of neutrophils to kill bacteria. These compounds partially inhibited TNF-triggered cytoskeletal rearrangements without blocking adhesion or transmigation of polymorphonuclear neutrophils through TNF-activated monolayers of endothelial cells. The compounds were nontoxic to neutrophils and endothelial cells. They had no direct inhibitory effect on the tyrosine kinases Src, Syk, or Pyk2. However, their differential effects on cell spreading, bacteria-induced RB, TNF-induced degranulation, TNF-induced protein tyrosine phosphorylation, and TNF-induced Syk activation suggested that each may act on different elements of neutrophil signaling pathways.

publication date

  • January 2006

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1189/jlb.0605308

PubMed ID

  • 16275893

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 147

end page

  • 54

volume

  • 79

number

  • 1