Impact of age on left ventricular hypertrophy regression during antihypertensive treatment with losartan or atenolol (the LIFE study)
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular
To assess the influence of age on changes in left ventricular (LV) mass and geometry during antihypertensive treatment, we related age to clinical and echocardiographic findings before and after 4 years of antihypertensive treatment in a subset of 560 hypertensive patients without known concurrent disease in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension (LIFE) study, which randomized patients to blinded losartan- or atenolol-based treatment. Patients >/=65 years (older group) included more women and patients with isolated systolic hypertension or albuminuria (all P<0.05). Compared to patients <65 years, older patients had higher pulse pressure, LV mass, and prevalence of concentric hypertrophy at baseline (78 vs 69 mmHg, 234 vs 224 g, and 28 vs 16%, respectively, all P<0.01), while the mean blood pressure did not differ. Over 4 years, reductions in LV mass and the mean blood pressure were similar in both groups, but older patients more often had residual hypertrophy (31 vs 15%, P<0.001) with a preponderance of eccentric geometry. In multivariate analysis of 4-year change in LV mass controlling for baseline mass, larger hypertrophy reduction was associated with losartan treatment, while age, gender, body mass index, and 4-year change in pulse pressure and albuminuria did not enter (Multiple R (2)=0.40, P<0.001). Thus, in up-to-80-year-old hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, age did not significantly attenuate hypertrophy reduction during antihypertensive treatment, although residual hypertrophy was more prevalent in older patients as a consequence of higher initial LV mass.