Hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl 4-hydroxylase inhibition: A target for neuroprotection in the central nervous system Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
  • Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit


  • Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) prolyl 4-hydroxylases are a family of iron- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases that negatively regulate the stability of several proteins that have established roles in adaptation to hypoxic or oxidative stress. These proteins include the transcriptional activators HIF-1alpha and HIF-2alpha. The ability of the inhibitors of HIF prolyl 4-hydroxylases to stabilize proteins involved in adaptation in neurons and to prevent neuronal injury remains unclear. We reported that structurally diverse low molecular weight or peptide inhibitors of the HIF prolyl 4-hydroxylases stabilize HIF-1alpha and up-regulate HIF-dependent target genes (e.g. enolase, p21(waf1/cip1), vascular endothelial growth factor, or erythropoietin) in embryonic cortical neurons in vitro or in adult rat brains in vivo. We also showed that structurally diverse HIF prolyl 4-hydroxylase inhibitors prevent oxidative death in vitro and ischemic injury in vivo. Taken together these findings identified low molecular weight and peptide HIF prolyl 4-hydroxylase inhibitors as novel neurological therapeutics for stroke as well as other diseases associated with oxidative stress.

publication date

  • December 16, 2005



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC2586128

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1074/jbc.M504963200

PubMed ID

  • 16227210

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 41732

end page

  • 43


  • 280


  • 50