Genetics of myeloid malignancies: Pathogenetic and clinical implications
Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Myeloid malignancies are clonal disorders that are characterized by acquired somatic mutation in hematopoietic progenitors. Recent advances in our understanding of the genetic basis of myeloid malignancies have provided important insights into the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myeloproliferative diseases (MPD) and have led to the development of novel therapeutic approaches. In this review, we describe our current state of understanding of the genetic basis of AML and MPD, with a specific focus on pathogenetic and therapeutic significance. Specific examples discussed include RAS mutations, KIT mutations, FLT3 mutations, and core binding factor rearrangements in AML, and JAK2 mutations in polycythemia vera, essential thrombocytosis, and chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis.