Role taking and self-image disparity in children
Related the development of the self-concept to L. Kohlberg's (1969) and G. M. Meade's (1934) theories on the importance of role taking, language, and the generalized other. 68 4th, 5th, and 6th graders were administered a role-taking task, a communication task, a self-image questionnaire, and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test. Results indicate that nonegocentric Ss had more positive ideal self-images and a greater disparity between real and ideal self-image than egocentric Ss. Referential communication was not related to any of these self-image measures or to role taking. Findings are interpreted as supporting a cognitive/developmental theory of the self-concept as the elaboration of the ideal self-image and differentiation of the self-concept through the process of taking the role of others toward the self. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1976 American Psychological Association.
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