Fever and neutropenia clinical practice guidelines.
Guidelines as Topic
Significant progress has been made in managing fever and neutropenia in patients with cancer. Although initial empiric antimicrobial treatment remains the foundation of therapy for such patients, improved diagnostic modalities, models of risk assessment, and an understanding of the various clinical situations in which infections occur have required that treatment approaches and options evolve. The development of broad-spectrum antibiotics with decreased toxicity has improved patient outcomes. Nevertheless, the increasing prevalence of antibiotic-resistant pathogens has challenged the clinician to use antimicrobial therapy wisely. Infection control should not rely exclusively on antimicrobial prophylaxis but, rather, should continue to incorporate standard infection control measures and demand careful handwashing by all health care professionals who come into contact with immunocompromised patients. Invasive fungal pathogens have increased and remain a major concern. Diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for fungal infections remain limited, but careful clinical investigation of new approaches will be needed to define the proper use of these probably expensive new therapeutic additions.