Kinetics of gene expression in murine cutaneous graft-versus-host disease
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
The kinetics of gene expression associated with the development of cutaneous graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were examined in a mouse model of MHC-matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Ear skin was obtained from recipient mice with or without GVHD between 7 and 40 days after transplantation for histopathological analysis and gene expression profiling. Gene expression patterns were consistent with early infiltration and activation of CD8(+) T and mast cells, followed by CD4(+) T, natural killer, and myeloid cells. The sequential infiltration and activation of effector cells correlated with the histopathological development of cutaneous GVHD and was accompanied by up-regulated expression of many chemokines and their receptors (CXCL-1, -2, -9, and -10; CCL-2, -5, -6, -7, -8, -9, -11, and -19; CCR-1 and CCR-5), adhesion molecules (ICAM-1, CD18, Ly69, PSGL-1, VCAM-1), molecules involved in antigen processing and presentation (TAP1 and TAP2, MHC class I and II, CD80), regulators of apoptosis (granzyme B, caspase 7, Bak1, Bax, and BclII), interferon-inducible genes (STAT1, IRF-1, IIGP, GTPI, IGTP, Ifi202A), stimulators of fibroblast proliferation and matrix synthesis (interleukin-1beta, transforming growth factor-beta1), and markers of keratinocyte proliferation (keratins 5 and 6), and differentiation (small proline-rich proteins 2E and 1B). Many acute-phase proteins were up-regulated early in murine cutaneous GVHD including serum amyloid A2 (SAA2), SAA3, serpins a3g and a3n, secretory leukocyte protease inhibitor, and metallothioneins 1 and 2. The kinetics of gene expression were consistent with the evolution of cutaneous pathology as well as with current models of disease progression during cutaneous GVHD.