The activation of memory CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells in patients with multiple sclerosis Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes
  • CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
  • Immunologic Memory
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting

abstract

  • To reevaluate whether an association exists between the clinical course of multiple sclerosis (MS) and the activation of memory T cells, we investigated the phenotype of T cells in peripheral blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with MS using five-color flow cytometry. A cross-sectional study with 39 relapsing-remitting MS patients demonstrated that the percentage of CD25(+)CD45RO(+)CD4(+)CD3(+) cells was significantly increased in peripheral blood as well as in CSF of active MS patients compared with inactive MS patients. A longitudinal study with 11 relapsing-remitting MS patients also showed a higher percentage of CD25(+)CD45RO(+)CD4(+)CD3(+) cells in peripheral blood at the phase of exacerbation than during remission. On the other hand, regardless of the disease activity, the percentage of CD25(+)CD45RO(+)CD8(+)CD3(+) cells in peripheral blood was significantly higher in patients with MS than in healthy control subjects. A lower percentage of CD25(+)CD45RO(+)CD8(+)CD3(+) cells in CSF was observed in active MS patients compared with inactive MS patients. These results suggest that the activation of memory CD4(+) T cells is associated with the exacerbation of MS and activation of memory CD8(+) T cells reflects systemic immunological dysregulation in MS patients. Transient as well as continuous activation of T cells by recall antigens may be involved in the disease course of MS.

publication date

  • August 15, 2005

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jns.2005.02.013

PubMed ID

  • 15972217

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 11

end page

  • 7

volume

  • 235

number

  • 1-2