Bipolar disorder - Costs and comorbidity Review uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Cost of Illness


  • Not only is bipolar disorder a chronic, severe psychiatric disorder, it is also expensive to treat and expensive to society. An estimate of the total cost of bipolar disorder made more than a decade ago was as high as 45 billion dollars per year. Most of this cost is accounted for by indirect costs related to reduced functional capacity and lost work. Patients with bipolar disorder have higher rates of utilization of healthcare resources compared with the general population and compared with patients with other types of psychiatric conditions. Comorbidity contributes to the heavy burden that bipolar disorder imposes on society. Bipolar disorder frequently occurs together with other psychiatric disorders, especially anxiety disorders and substance abuse. In addition, bipolar disorder has been associated with a variety of general medical conditions, which further complicate management of the psychiatric disorder.

publication date

  • June 2005



  • Review



  • eng

PubMed ID

  • 16097719

Additional Document Info

start page

  • S85

end page

  • 90


  • 11


  • SUPPL. 3