Broad modulation of tissue responses (Immune Activation) by celacade may favorably influence pathologic processes associated with heart failure progression
Immune activation and inflammation contribute to the progression of chronic heart failure (CHF), but therapeutic approaches directed against these processes have been largely unsuccessful. This clinical study evaluated a novel, nonpharmacologic immune modulation therapy, shown experimentally to reduce inflammatory and increase anti-inflammatory cytokines. A total of 75 patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class III or IV CHF were randomized to receive either Celacade (immune modulation therapy) or placebo (n = 38 and n = 37, respectively) in a double-blind trial for 6 months, during which standard therapy for CHF was maintained. Patients were evaluated using the 6-minute walk test, changes in NYHA class, cardiac function, and quality-of-life assessments, and were observed for the occurrence of death and hospitalization. There was no between-treatment difference in the 6-minute walk test results, but 15 Celacade-treated patients (compared with 9 placebo-treated patients) improved NYHA classification by > or = 1 class (p = 0.140). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that Celacade significantly reduced the risk of death (p = 0.022) and hospitalization (p = 0.008). Analysis of a clinical composite score demonstrated a significant between-group difference (p = 0.006). There was no difference in left ventricular ejection fraction between groups, but there was a trend toward improved quality of life favoring the Celacade-treated group (p = 0.110). These preliminary findings are consistent with the hypothesis that immune activation is important in the pathogenesis of CHF, and they establish the basis for a phase 3 trial to define the benefit of Celacade in CHF.