FLIP protects against hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced endothelial cell apoptosis by inhibiting Bax activation. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Animals
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Caspases
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Cell Membrane
  • Death Domain Receptor Signaling Adaptor Proteins
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Humans
  • Lung
  • Mice
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Protein Transport
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein

MeSH Major

  • Apoptosis
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor

abstract

  • Hypoxia/reoxygenation causes cell death, yet the underlying regulatory mechanisms remain partially understood. Recent studies demonstrate that hypoxia/reoxygenation can activate death receptor and mitochondria-dependent apoptotic pathways, involving Bid and Bax mitochondrial translocation and cytochrome c release. Using mouse lung endothelial cells (MLEC), we examined the role of FLIP, an inhibitor of caspase 8, in hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced cell death. FLIP protected MLEC against hypoxia/reoxygenation by blocking both caspase 8/Bid and Bax/mitochondrial apoptotic pathways. FLIP inhibited Bax activation in wild-type and Bid(-/-) MLEC, indicating independence from the caspase 8/Bid pathway. FLIP also inhibited the expression and activation of protein kinase C (PKC) (alpha, zeta) during hypoxia/reoxygenation and promoted an association of inactive forms of PKC with Bax. Surprisingly, FLIP expression also inhibited death-inducing signal complex (DISC) formation in the plasma membrane and promoted the accumulation of the DISC in the Golgi apparatus. FLIP expression also upregulated Bcl-X(L), an antiapoptotic protein. In conclusion, FLIP decreased DISC formation in the plasma membrane by blocking its translocation from the Golgi apparatus and inhibited Bax activation through a novel PKC-dependent mechanism. The inhibitory effects of FLIP on Bax activation and plasma membrane DISC formation may play significant roles in protecting endothelial cells from the lethal effects of hypoxia/reoxygenation.

publication date

  • June 2005

has subject area

  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspase Inhibitors
  • Caspases
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Cell Membrane
  • Death Domain Receptor Signaling Adaptor Proteins
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Humans
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Lung
  • Mice
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Protein Transport
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC1140634

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/MCB.25.11.4742-4751.2005

PubMed ID

  • 15899875

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 4742

end page

  • 4751

volume

  • 25

number

  • 11