Amiloride-sensitive Na channels from the apical membrane of the rat cortical collecting tubule
Kidney Tubules, Collecting
Currents through individual Na channels in the apical membrane of the rat cortical collecting tubule were resolved by using the patch-clamp technique. In cell-attached patches, the channels had a conductance of 5 pS with 140 mM NaCl in the pipet. The conductance was a saturable function of external Na, with a maximal value of about 8 pS and a half saturation at about 75 mM Na. In excised inside-out patches, the selectivity of the channels for Na over K was estimated from reversal potentials to be at least 10:1. The channels underwent spontaneous transitions between open and closed states. Both states had mean lifetimes of 3-4 sec. Amiloride (0.5 microM) added to the pipet induced more frequent closures and openings of the channels and a reduction in the mean open time. These channels are presumed to mediate Na reabsorption by this nephron segment in vivo.