SK channels and NMDA receptors form a Ca2+-mediated feedback loop in dendritic spines
Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated
Small-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channels (SK channels) influence the induction of synaptic plasticity at hippocampal CA3-CA1 synapses. We find that in mice, SK channels are localized to dendritic spines, and their activity reduces the amplitude of evoked synaptic potentials in an NMDA receptor (NMDAR)-dependent manner. Using combined two-photon laser scanning microscopy and two-photon laser uncaging of glutamate, we show that SK channels regulate NMDAR-dependent Ca(2+) influx within individual spines. SK channels are tightly coupled to synaptically activated Ca(2+) sources, and their activity reduces the amplitude of NMDAR-dependent Ca(2+) transients. These effects are mediated by a feedback loop within the spine head; during an excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP), Ca(2+) influx opens SK channels that provide a local shunting current to reduce the EPSP and promote rapid Mg(2+) block of the NMDAR. Thus, blocking SK channels facilitates the induction of long-term potentiation by enhancing NMDAR-dependent Ca(2+) signals within dendritic spines.