Parvoviral infection of endothelial cells and stromal fibroblasts: A possible pathogenetic role in scleroderma
Lymphoma, T-Cell, Cutaneous
Parasitism of endothelia and fibroblasts by B19 with resultant enhanced TNF-alpha expression may be of pathogenetic importance in SSc even in the absence of demonstrable viremia. The vascular deposition of C5b-9 suggests a role for humoral immunity possibly induced by a state of endothelial neoantigenicity evoked by virally mediated cell injury. Treatment strategies include anti-viral therapy, including in the context of intravenous gamma-globulin and anti-TNF therapy.