Calcium oxalate deposition in renal cell carcinoma associated with acquired cystic kidney disease: A comprehensive study Academic Article Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH Major

  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • Carcinoma, Transitional Cell
  • Neoplasms, Multiple Primary
  • Urologic Neoplasms

abstract

  • The main complication of acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) is frequent development of renal tumors, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Intratumoral deposition of calcium oxalate (CaOx) is a distinct feature of ACKD-associated RCCs, but several features of this type of RCC are not known. Features of the 30 end-stage renal disease (ESRD)-associated RCCs identified within a 13-year period, including eight with CaOx deposition, were analyzed. Pathologic and clinical features of CaOx positive (+) and negative (-) RCCs were evaluated and compared. The CaOx+ RCCs showed higher tendency for bilaterality and multifocality. Seven tumors displayed distinctive morphologic features characterized by tumor cells with ill-defined cell membrane, abundant granular eosinophilic cytoplasm, large nuclei, and prominent nucleoli. One tumor was of clear cell type. Regardless of histologic type, all tumors displayed a proximal tubular differentiation. No significant difference was noted for tumors' stage, proliferation, and apoptosis rate between the CaOx+ and CaOx- RCCs. CaOx+ RCCs account for a significant portion of all ESRD-associated RCCs. The majority of these RCCs display a distinctive morphologic profile. Proximal tubular cell differentiation in conjunction with ESRD-mediated high serum level may be pathogenetically important for intratumoral CaOx deposition. These RCCs seems to have a relatively good prognosis.

publication date

  • April 2005

Research

keywords

  • Academic Article

Identity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/01.pas.0000152131.58492.97

PubMed ID

  • 15767796

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 443

end page

  • 51

volume

  • 29

number

  • 4