Type I transforming growth factor β receptor maps to 9q22 and exhibits a polymorphism and a rare variant within a polyalanine tract
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 9
Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta
In a search for mutations of the type I transforming growth factor beta receptor (TbetaR-I), we mapped the gene to 9q22 and found a common polymorphism [TbetaR-I(6A)] and a rare variant [TbetaR-I(10A)] of TbetaR-I, causing an in-frame deletion of three alanines and an in-frame insertion of one alanine, respectively, in the receptor's extracellular domain. The biological relevance of the polymorphism TbetaR-I(6A) was investigated. When TbetaR-I(6A) was transiently transfected into TbetaR-I-deficient cells, the growth-inhibitory effects of transforming growth factor beta were restored. TbetaR-I(6A) and TbetaR-I(10A) frequency were assessed in 108 tumor samples and 80 nontumor samples from patients with a diagnosis of cancer, as well as in 118 normal blood donors of comparable ethnic composition. The frequency of TbetaR-I(6A) heterozygotes was fairly similar in normal blood donors (8%), in nontumor DNA of patients with a diagnosis of cancer (10%), and in tumor samples (14%). However, the frequency of TbetaR-I(6A) homozygotes among nontumor (4%) and tumor (8%) samples obtained from patients with a diagnosis of cancer was higher than that predicted by the Hardy-Weinberg law. The clinical and biological significance of TbetaR-I(6A) homozygosity needs to be further investigated.