Depressive symptoms are independently predictive of carotid atherosclerosis
Carotid Artery Diseases
The investigators tested whether depressive symptoms were predictive of carotid atherosclerosis, a marker of coronary atherosclerosis. Healthy participants (n = 219) underwent the baseline assessment of cardiovascular risk factors, including self-reported depressive symptoms, and were assessed for carotid plaque at 10-year follow-up. Adjusting for baseline cardiovascular risk factors, participants with elevated depression scores at baseline were >2 times as likely as those with no depressive symptoms to have carotid plaque.