Usefulness of prolonged QRS duration to identify high-risk ischemic cardiomyopathy patients with syncope and inducible ventricular tachycardia
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
We evaluated 61 consecutive patients who had coronary artery disease, decreased left ventricular function, and syncope and underwent implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator because sustained ventricular tachycardia was inducible at electrophysiologic testing. During a follow-up of 3.0 +/- 1.8 years, 23 patients (38%) developed ventricular tachycardia. Prolonged QRS duration (>/=120 ms) was the only significant predictor of arrhythmia. The 1- and 2-year rates without ventricular arrhythmia were 82% and 77%, respectively, in patients whose QRS duration was <120 ms. In contrast, 1- and 2-year rates without ventricular arrhythmia were only 64% and 51%, respectively, in patients whose QRS duration was >/=120 ms (risk ratio 3.7, 95% confidence interval 1.4 to 9.8, p = 0.0092).