S-nitroso proteome of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: Enzymes of intermediary metabolism and antioxidant defense Academic Article uri icon


MeSH Major

  • Antioxidants
  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • Proteome
  • Reactive Nitrogen Species


  • The immune response to Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) includes expression of nitric oxide (NO) synthase (NOS)2, whose products can kill Mtb in vitro with a molar potency greater than that of many conventional antitubercular agents. However, the targets of reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNIs) in Mtb are unknown. One major action of RNIs is protein S-nitrosylation. Here, we describe, to our knowledge, the first proteomic analysis of S-nitrosylation in a whole organism after treating Mtb with bactericidal concentrations of RNIs. The 29 S-nitroso proteins identified are all enzymes, mostly serving intermediary metabolism, lipid metabolism, and/or antioxidant defense. Many are essential or implicated in virulence, including defense against RNIs. For each of two target enzymes tested, lipoamide dehydrogenase and mycobacterial proteasome ATPase, S-nitrosylation caused enzyme inhibition. Moreover, endogenously biotinylated proteins were driven into mixed disulfide complexes. Targeting of metabolic enzymes and antioxidant defenses by means of protein S-nitrosylation and mixed disulfide bonding may contribute to the antimycobacterial actions of RNIs.

publication date

  • January 11, 2005



  • Academic Article



  • eng

PubMed Central ID

  • PMC544291

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.0406133102

PubMed ID

  • 15626759

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 467

end page

  • 72


  • 102


  • 2