Bcl-XL disrupts death-inducing signal complex formation in plasma membrane induced by hypoxia/reoxygenation. Academic Article uri icon

Overview

MeSH

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD95
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspases
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Cell Membrane
  • Cell Respiration
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Death Domain Receptor Signaling Adaptor Proteins
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria
  • Signal Transduction
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein
  • bcl-X Protein

MeSH Major

  • Apoptosis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor

abstract

  • Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) causes cellular injury and death. The cell death pathways induced by H/R remain incompletely understood. H/R can induce Bid and Bax mitochondrial translocation and cytochrome c release. Using mouse lung endothelial cells (MLEC), we examined the role of Bcl-X(L), an anti-apoptotic Bcl-2-related protein, in H/R-induced cell death. The expression of Bcl-X(L) protected MLEC against H/R-induced cell death by blocking Bax and Bid translocation and inhibiting mitochondrial cytochrome c release. Bcl-X(L) expression inhibited caspase-8 cleavage and death-inducing signal complex (DISC) formation in plasma membrane. By isolating mitochondrial, nuclear, and Golgi fractions, we found that H/R induced DISC formation in these organelles. Bcl-X(L) expression inhibited DISC formation in the nuclear and Golgi fractions relative to LacZ-infected controls. In contrast, DISC formation was elevated in the mitochondrial fraction of Bcl-X(L)-infected cells. GRASP65, a Golgi-associated protein, physically associated with Fas and caspase-8; Bcl-X(L) expression decreased these associations. Bcl-X(L) expression also up-regulated FLIP, a caspase-8 inhibitor. In conclusion, Bcl-X(L) may inactivate caspase-8 by decreasing DISC formation in the plasma membrane, nucleus, and Golgi complex while diverting DISC formation to the mitochondria. The inhibitory effects of Bcl-X(L) on DISC formation may play significant roles in protecting endothelial cells from H/R-induced cell death.

publication date

  • December 2004

has subject area

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD95
  • Apoptosis
  • BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein
  • CASP8 and FADD-Like Apoptosis Regulating Protein
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Caspase 8
  • Caspases
  • Cell Hypoxia
  • Cell Membrane
  • Cell Respiration
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Death Domain Receptor Signaling Adaptor Proteins
  • Endothelial Cells
  • Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
  • Mice
  • Mitochondria
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
  • Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor
  • Signal Transduction
  • bcl-2-Associated X Protein
  • bcl-X Protein

Research

keywords

  • Journal Article

Identity

Language

  • eng

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1096/fj.04-2047com

PubMed ID

  • 15576486

Additional Document Info

start page

  • 1826

end page

  • 1833

volume

  • 18

number

  • 15