Flow Cytometric Study of Neutrophilic Granulopoiesis in Normal Bone Marrow Using an Expanded Panel of Antibodies: Correlation with Morphologic Assessments
Bone Marrow Cells
Flow cytometry studies of surface markers of neutrophils have been performed mostly on peripheral blood, and for a limited spectrum of diseases. Studying maturation defects on developing neutrophils in the bone marrow (BM) may be helpful in BM diseases, such as myelodysplastic syndromes and Shwachman-Diamond syndrome. We applied an expanded panel of antibodies to examine normal maturation patterns in 26 control samples of BM together with microscopic correlation. Promyelocytes correlated well with the CD24(-) and CD11b(-) populations, and metamyelocytes correlated well with the CD16(+) population (intermediate positivity). An excellent correlation was also identified between the sum of bands and segmented neutrophils and each of the following: CD16(++) (strong positivity), CD35(+), CD87(+), and CD64(-). Although visually identified segmented neutrophils paralleled CD10 positivity, there was an appreciable difference between both methods. We conclude that neutrophilic granulocyte maturation in the BM is accompanied by a change in surface antigens that reflects certain stages of development. A successful strategy for detecting maturation defects is to include several antibodies that are known to be expressed or absent at the same stage of maturation, such as CD16, CD35, CD64, and CD87.