Endocytosed Cation-Independent Mannose 6-Phosphate Receptor Traffics via the Endocytic Recycling Compartment en Route to the trans-Golgi Network and a Subpopulation of Late Endosomes
Receptor, IGF Type 2
Although the distribution of the cation-independent mannose 6-phosphate receptor (CI-MPR) has been well studied, its intracellular itinerary and trafficking kinetics remain uncertain. In this report, we describe the endocytic trafficking and steady-state localization of a chimeric form of the CI-MPR containing the ecto-domain of the bovine CI-MPR and the murine transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains expressed in a CHO cell line. Detailed confocal microscopy analysis revealed that internalized chimeric CI-MPR overlaps almost completely with the endogenous CI-MPR but only partially with individual markers for the trans-Golgi network or other endosomal compartments. After endocytosis, the chimeric receptor first enters sorting endosomes, and it then accumulates in the endocytic recycling compartment. A large fraction of the receptors return to the plasma membrane, but some are delivered to the trans-Golgi network and/or late endosomes. Over the course of an hour, the endocytosed receptors achieve their steady-state distribution. Importantly, the receptor does not start to colocalize with late endosomal markers until after it has passed through the endocytic recycling compartment. In CHO cells, only a small fraction of the receptor is ever detected in endosomes bearing substrates destined for lysosomes (kinetically defined late endosomes). These data demonstrate that CI-MPR takes a complex route that involves multiple sorting steps in both early and late endosomes.